A lot of you guys liked my first post regarding grammar, so I decided to write a second part. So I hope you guys will find it useful!
1. Not knowing the difference between “you’re” and “your”
So this is another one that people make mistakes in. The difference between “you’re” and “your” is actually fairly simple, so there is no need to sweat!
- You’re - is a contraction of “you are”. For example:
“You’re a great player!”
- Your - is a possessive determinator. What does that mean? It means that it’s something that belongs to you. For example:
“This is your car, not mine”.
2. Confusing “lay” and “lie”
This is a bit tricky, but hopefully with this explanation you’ll understand it.
- “lay” - we use lay when we are talking about direct objects. Remember, direct objects! For example:
“I’m going to lay this book on the table”
- “lie” - we use lie when there is no direct object. For example:
“I’m going to lie down, I have a headache.”
Here comes the tricky part: What I just said is true when we use this in the present tense. However, if we were to use the past tense, then things change because the past tense of lie is lay. For example:
“I lay down on bed yesterday because I had a headache.”
Having that said, a great way to remember this is by thinking in these terms: You always lay something down. But you lie down by yourself.
3. Not knowing which to use: “me”, “I”, or “myself”
I have a few students that confuse these three words, so I decided to write about it. And it’s pretty easy once you read this (hopefully!).
- “me” - we use “me” when someone does something for you. For example:
“John bought this dress for me”
- “I” - we use “I” when you do it on your own. For example:
“I bought this dress yesterday”
- “myself” - we use “myself” if you’re referring to yourself because “myself” is considered a reflexive pronoun. For example:
“I bought this dress for myself”
4. This, that, these, those?
Another common mistake is confusing these four words, however, once you understand them, it’s super easy!
- “This” - is a singular pronoun and we use it when something is near us. For example:
“This is my phone”
“This pub is great!”
- “that” - is a singular pronoun too, but we use it when something is far away from us, it’s at a distance. For example:
“That cat is beautiful” - while you’re pointing at a cat across the street.
“Did you see that car? It was a new Lamborghini” - we are talking about a specific car and it was at a distance.
- “these” - is a plural pronoun and we use it when something is near us. For example:
“These puppies are so cute, I want them all!” - meaning you are interacting with the puppies, so they’re near you and there are puppies (plural) so that’s why we use “these”.
“these are my friends”
- "those" - is a plural pronoun and we use it when something is far away from us. For example:
“Those cats are beautiful” - the cats are across the street, so they are at a distance and there is more than one cat.
“those are my shoes” - you say this when you’re pointing at your shoes from a distance.
5. Not knowing the difference between “nor” and “or”
Last but not least, difference between “nor” and “or”!
- The easiest way to remember is we use “nor” when we use “neither” + negative sentence. For example:
“Neither John nor Bart know where the bar is located”
- And we use “or” when we use it with “not” + negative sentence. For example:
“John is not good at math or science”
Hope you liked it! Comment or give me some suggestions on what to write about next!